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Väderkvarnen från Täktom - ett landmärke för vårt museiområde

Väderkvarnen i trä på Hertonäs gårds museums område står ståtligt synlig mot den livligt trafikerade Borgbyggarvägen i Hertonäs. Väderkvarnen har flyttats hit från Täktom år 1922, då man också beslöt börja flytta byggnaderna från Knusbacka till området från Box i Sibbo. Läs mer nedan!Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
09.04.2021 kl. 19:50

Tuulimylly Täktomista - museoalueemme maamerkki

Herttoniemen kartanon museon alueella oleva puinen tuulimylly seisoo komeasti näköetäisyydessä läheiseltä vilkkaalta  Linnanrakentajantieltä Herttoniemessä. Tuulimylly on siirretty tänne Täktomista vuonna 1922, jolloin päätettiin siirtää myös Knusbackan rakennukset tänne Sipoon Boxista. Lue lisää alla! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
09.04.2021 kl. 19:46

The windmill from Täktom - On of the Symbols for our Museum

The wooden windmill at Hertonäs Manor Museum’s area is impressively visible next to the lively road Linnanrakentajantie in Herttoniemi. The windmill was moved here from Täktom in 1922, at the same time when it was decided to start moving the buildings from Knusbacka in Box in Sipoo here too. Read more below! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
09.04.2021 kl. 19:26

Punschbål - skål!

Officerare och viceamiraler, borgare och herrgårdsägare - samt modernt museifolk - har något gemensamt sedan 1700-talet: de har gillat och avnjutit punsch. I Hertonäs gårds museums samlingar finns flera föremål som anknyter till denna guldgula alkoholdryck som nådde vårt land tack vare den globala handeln. Till exempel viceamiral Cronstedts föremål vittnar om att denna dryck var populär i slutet av 1700-talet och början av 1800-talet. Läs mer nedan! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
28.03.2021 kl. 19:12

Punssiboolia - ja skoolia!

Upseereilla ja vara-amiraaleilla, porvareilla ja kartanonomistajilla - sekä modernilla museoväellä - on jotain yhteistä 1700-luvulta lähtien: olemme kaikki nauttineet punssia. Herttoniemen kartanon museon kokoelmissa on lukuisia esineitä, jotka liittyvät tähän kullankeltaiseen alkoholijuomaan, joka saapui maahamme kansainvälisen kaupan välityksellä. Esimerkiksi vara-amiraali Cronstedtin esineistö kielii tämän juoman suosiosta 1700-luvun lopulla ja 1800-luvun alussa. Lue lisää alla! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
28.03.2021 kl. 19:08

A Bowl of Punch - Cheers!

Officers and vice admirals, burgers and landowners - as well as the employees in modern museums - all have something in common since the 18th century: we all love the liquor punch. In the collections of Hertonäs manor museum many objects relate to this golden alcohol that reach our country via the global trade. For example several things owned by vice admiral Cronstedt tells about the popularity of this beverage in the late 18th century and early 19th century. Read more below! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
28.03.2021 kl. 18:55

Ett medeltida kvinnoöde i Finland: “Margareta i Härtonäs”

I slutet av medeltiden fanns några frälsegods i Helsinge socken (kallad Helsinga vid denna tid), däribland i Hertonäs. Helsinge sockens område har sedermera blivit städerna Helsingfors och Vanda. Frälset kom senare att bilda den så kallade adeln. Bland idel män som kommer från Hertonäs nämns även ibland någon enstaka kvinna. Läs mer om “Margareta i Härtonäs” nedan! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
08.03.2021 kl. 12:08

Keskiaikainen naiskohtalo Suomessa: “Härtönäsin Margareta”

Keskiajan lopulla Helsingin (siihen aikaan Helsingaksi kutsutussa) pitäjässä oli muutama rälssitila, muun muassa Herttoniemessä. Helsingin pitäjän alue on sittemmin jaettu nykyisten Helsingin ja Vantaan kaupunkien välillä. Rälssi muodosti myöhemmin niin kutsutun aatelin. Monen herttoniemestä peräisin olevan miehen ohessa muutama nainen mainitaan silloin tällöin. Lue lisää “Härtonäsin Margaretasta” alla! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
08.03.2021 kl. 12:01

A Medieval Female Fate in Finland: “Margareta in Härtonäs”

In the late Middle Ages Helsinge (that was called Helsinga back then) parish held a few noble estates, in Herttoniemi among others. Helsinge parish has later been divided between the cities Helsinki and Vantaa. Beside many men that have come from Herttoniemi there also occur a few women. Read more about “Margareta in Härtonäs” below! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
08.03.2021 kl. 11:40

Abraham Wetters väg finns i Hertonäs - vem var han?

Abraham Wetter (ca 1690-1737) föddes omkring år 1690 i Stockholm men kom att växa upp och verka i Helsingfors. Han var ägare till Hertonäs gård på 1730-talet och avancerade till borgmästare i Helsingfors under den svåra tiden av återuppbyggnad efter Stora ofreden (1700-21). Läs mer om honom nedan!Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
27.02.2021 kl. 17:56

Helena Gripenberg’s Youth - from a Finnish Pupil at the Smolna Institute to the Lady of Hertonäs Manor

06.12.2020 kl. 10:02
One of the most interesting people who have lived at Hertonäs Manor must be Helene Gustava Bergbom, née Gripenberg (1851-1932). She was the last lady of Hertonäs Manor, a highly educated, musically talented, cosmopolitan lady that was fluent in four languages. Later on she married John Bergbom and became his wife at Hertonäs Manor. Read more below!

Helene Gripenberg was born 12th March 1851 in Oulu. Her mother, Margareta Frosterus, was a housewife and her father, Gustaf Gripenberg, privy councillor. She and her four siblings became orphans as Margareta passed away from tuberculosis when Helene was five years old. Gustaf remarried four years later to Wilhelmina Geschwend. It was common at the time for widowers to remarry soon after their wives’ death, because of the common conception that children need a mother or a motherly figure in their lives. Helene was never close with her stepmother, but she mentions in her memoirs that she had never been close to her mother either since Margareta was rather ill already when Helena was born. The family’s housekeeper Sjöberg, called Pää (Head), was Helene’s mother figure and trusted adult instead. 


Helene Bergbom (née Gripenberg, 1851-1932). Picture: SOV.

Two years later after first being taught Russian, German and French by her Russian governess, Helen started her studies in German in Reichberg’s School and later in vicar Streng’s School, also in German. When she was 13 years old she moved to St. Petersburg and started as a free pupil at the Smolna Institute, a boarding school for noble girls. The school had been founded 100 years earlier by empress Catherine II who strived to enhance girls’ education, and Helen was lucky to participate in the centennial celebrations. She writes about the occasion in the memoirs and describes a grand mass in the cathedral of Smolna in which the tsar himself and his family participated. 

Att the Smolna Institute the students learned languages (mainly Russian, German and French), as well as Geography, dance, music and etiquette, i.e. all that a young noble lady should know. Parents sent their daughters to Smolna to give them an international, cultural and modern education. In her memoirs Helene writes that the school often took the pupils to visit theaters, operas and ballets. During her time in Smolna she also became a skilled pianist, and encouraged by her uncle she started to perform in public. Music soon became her passion. 


Bergbom's life and furniture is presented in the exhibition on the ground floor of Hertonäs Manor. Picture: EAW 2020.

The physical and mental health of the girls needed to be good before they were admitted to Smolna, and they took a medical examination before school started. Helene writes that the doctor called her weak, but still let her join the institute. She had to cope with long days, cold classrooms and small rations of food. Everything was in Russian, a language that she in the beginning did not quite comprehend. The other pupils helped her with her homework though and soon she became one of them. The days started and finished with prayer and in between there were six hours of school, an afternoon walk, and some leisure time in the evening.  

After she learned Russian properly Helene did well during her three years in Smolna, and when she graduated she received a silver medal for her success. She actually got the highest grades of her class but since she had not done all of her schooling at Smolna and was not of Russian origin, she could not get the gold medal. At 17 she was ready for what she calls “the scary [adult] life” in her memoirs. 

Helene Gripenberg returned to her father’s manor outside Viipuri after graduating from the Smolna Institute in 1867. She had no clue what to do next. Her passion, music, was not a proper career according to her family. She tried her luck as a governess, but did not do well. Eventually she got a place as a teacher in Hamina. Later on she studied piano in Dresden for two years with the help of scholarships and mecenatas. After this she worked as a piano teacher for a short time before marrying her second cousin, John Bergbom, who was one year older than her. He owned Hertonäs and Helene became the lady of the manor. 

Translation: EAW 
 

Sources: 
Backman, Sigbritt: Hertonäs gård, från säterier till museum, Helsingfors 2016. 
Bergbom, Helene: Minnen, Familjeupplaga, 1975.  
Morand-Löfving, Elisabeth: Kejserlig uppfostran, finländska flickors skolgång vid Smolna-institutet i S:t Petersburg, Helsingfors 2017.


 
Daniela Fougstedt