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Blogginlägg

Digitala framsteg i pandemins fotspår år 2020

År 2020 kom att bli det mest märkliga året hittills under detta sekel. Covid-19-pandemin har satt världen på knä, och inte minst bland annat restaurang- och kulturbranschen. Hertonäs gårds museum har dock haft en hel del på gång trots alla utmaningar. Läs mer nedan! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
09.01.2021 kl. 18:26

Digitaaliset askeleet pandemian aikana vuonna 2020

Vuodesta 2020 tuli merkillisin vuosi tällä vuosisadalla tähän mennessä. Pandemia on saanut maailman polivilleen ja etenkin kulttuuri- ja ravintola-alan. Herttoniemen kartanon museo on tosin voinut toimia kaikista haasteista huolimatta. Lue lisää alla! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
09.01.2021 kl. 18:11

Digital Steps due to the Pandemic in 2020

The year 2020 was the weirdest one yet in this century. The treath of a new pandemic had been hovering over us for a while already and now it became a fact: Covid-19 has had the world on its knees, not the least the restaurants and cultural institutions. Hertonäs Manor Museum has still managed to be busy and faced the difficulties. Read more below! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
09.01.2021 kl. 17:56

Helena Gripenbergs ungdom - från finsk fröken vid Smolna-institutet till husfru på Hertonäs gård

En av de allra intressantaste personerna som levt på Hertonäs gård måste vara Helene Gustava Bergbom, född Gripenberg (1851-1932). Hon var den sista frun på Hertonäs gård, en högutbildad, musikalisk, kosmopolitisk kvinna som talade fyra språk flytande. Hon gifte sig senare med John Bergbom och blev husfru på Hertonäs gård. Läs mer nedan!Läs mera »
Daniela Fougstedt
06.12.2020 kl. 10:35

Helena Gripenbergin nuoruus - suomalaisesta Smolna-instituutin neidistä Herttoniemen kartanon valtiattareksi

Eräs mielenkiintoisimmista henkilöistä Herttoniemen kartanolla on varmasti Helene Gustava Bergbom, o.s. Gripenberg (1851-1932). Hän oli Herttoniemen kartanon viimeinen valtiatar, korkeasti koulutettu, musikaalinen, kosmopoliittinen nainen joka puhui neljää kieltä sujuvasti. Hän meni myöhemmin naimisiin John Bergbomin kanssa ja hänestä tuli Herttoniemen kartanon rouva. Lue lisää alla!Läs mera »
Daniela Fougstedt
06.12.2020 kl. 10:31

Helena Gripenberg’s Youth - from a Finnish Pupil at the Smolna Institute to the Lady of Hertonäs Manor

One of the most interesting people who have lived at Hertonäs Manor must be Helene Gustava Bergbom, née Gripenberg (1851-1932). She was the last lady of Hertonäs Manor, a highly educated, musically talented, cosmopolitan lady that was fluent in four languages. Later on she married John Bergbom and became his wife at Hertonäs Manor. Read more below! Läs mera »
Daniela Fougstedt
06.12.2020 kl. 10:02

Helene Gripenberg - från herrgårdsfru till donator

En av Hertonäs gårds långvariga husfruar var Helene Gripenberg (1851-1932). Hon var född i Uleåborg och utbildad pianolärare från Smola-institutet i S:t Petersburg innan hon slog sig ner i Hertonäs. Hon levde länge, blev 81 år gammal, och strax innan inbördeskriget inleddes tvingades hon bevittna mordet på sin make. Helene Gripenberg testamenterade Hertonäs gård till dess nuvarande ägare, föreningen Svenska Odlingens Vänner i Helsinge r.f. Läs mer nedan!Läs mera »
Daniela Fougstedt
19.11.2020 kl. 09:23

Helene Gripenberg - kartanonrouvasta lahjoittajaksi

Eräs Herttoniemen kartanon pitkäaikaisia kartanonrouvia oli Helene Gripenberg (1851-1932). Hän syntyi Oulussa ja kouluttautui Pietarin Smolna-opistossa pianon opettajaksi ennen kun hän asettui Herttoniemeen. Helene eli pitkän elämän 81-vuotiaaksi, mutta juuri ennen sisällissotaa hän joutui kokemaan aviomiehensä murhan. Hän antoi Herttoniemen kartanon testamenttilahjoituksena seuraavalle omistajalle, Svenska Odlingens Vänner i Helsinge r.f. -yhdistykselle. Lue lisää alla!Läs mera »
Daniela Fougstedt
19.11.2020 kl. 09:20

Helene Gripenberg - from Lady of the Manor to Mecenat

Helene Gripenberg (1851-1932) was one of the ladies of Hertonäs Manor who lived here the longest. She was born in Oulu, graduated from the Smola Institute in St. Petersburg, studied music in Dresden before becoming a piano teacher until she settled in Herttoniemi. She lived a long life, became 81 years old, and before the Civil War she had to witness the murder of her husband. She donated Hertonäs Manor in her will to its present owner, the society Svenska Odlingens Vänner i Helsinge r.f. Read more below!Läs mera »
Daniela Fougstedt
19.11.2020 kl. 09:09

Alla helgons dag i gott sällskap!

Förra veckoslutet firade vi Alla helgons dag på museet. Söndagen den 1 november var också sista gången vi hade museet öppet för besökare under denna säsong. För att fira säsongsavslutningen arrangerade vi program på Knusbacka museigård och i parken. Läs mer nedan!Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
04.11.2020 kl. 10:32

Helena Gripenberg’s Youth - from a Finnish Pupil at the Smolna Institute to the Lady of Hertonäs Manor

06.12.2020 kl. 10:02
One of the most interesting people who have lived at Hertonäs Manor must be Helene Gustava Bergbom, née Gripenberg (1851-1932). She was the last lady of Hertonäs Manor, a highly educated, musically talented, cosmopolitan lady that was fluent in four languages. Later on she married John Bergbom and became his wife at Hertonäs Manor. Read more below!

Helene Gripenberg was born 12th March 1851 in Oulu. Her mother, Margareta Frosterus, was a housewife and her father, Gustaf Gripenberg, privy councillor. She and her four siblings became orphans as Margareta passed away from tuberculosis when Helene was five years old. Gustaf remarried four years later to Wilhelmina Geschwend. It was common at the time for widowers to remarry soon after their wives’ death, because of the common conception that children need a mother or a motherly figure in their lives. Helene was never close with her stepmother, but she mentions in her memoirs that she had never been close to her mother either since Margareta was rather ill already when Helena was born. The family’s housekeeper Sjöberg, called Pää (Head), was Helene’s mother figure and trusted adult instead. 


Helene Bergbom (née Gripenberg, 1851-1932). Picture: SOV.

Two years later after first being taught Russian, German and French by her Russian governess, Helen started her studies in German in Reichberg’s School and later in vicar Streng’s School, also in German. When she was 13 years old she moved to St. Petersburg and started as a free pupil at the Smolna Institute, a boarding school for noble girls. The school had been founded 100 years earlier by empress Catherine II who strived to enhance girls’ education, and Helen was lucky to participate in the centennial celebrations. She writes about the occasion in the memoirs and describes a grand mass in the cathedral of Smolna in which the tsar himself and his family participated. 

Att the Smolna Institute the students learned languages (mainly Russian, German and French), as well as Geography, dance, music and etiquette, i.e. all that a young noble lady should know. Parents sent their daughters to Smolna to give them an international, cultural and modern education. In her memoirs Helene writes that the school often took the pupils to visit theaters, operas and ballets. During her time in Smolna she also became a skilled pianist, and encouraged by her uncle she started to perform in public. Music soon became her passion. 


Bergbom's life and furniture is presented in the exhibition on the ground floor of Hertonäs Manor. Picture: EAW 2020.

The physical and mental health of the girls needed to be good before they were admitted to Smolna, and they took a medical examination before school started. Helene writes that the doctor called her weak, but still let her join the institute. She had to cope with long days, cold classrooms and small rations of food. Everything was in Russian, a language that she in the beginning did not quite comprehend. The other pupils helped her with her homework though and soon she became one of them. The days started and finished with prayer and in between there were six hours of school, an afternoon walk, and some leisure time in the evening.  

After she learned Russian properly Helene did well during her three years in Smolna, and when she graduated she received a silver medal for her success. She actually got the highest grades of her class but since she had not done all of her schooling at Smolna and was not of Russian origin, she could not get the gold medal. At 17 she was ready for what she calls “the scary [adult] life” in her memoirs. 

Helene Gripenberg returned to her father’s manor outside Viipuri after graduating from the Smolna Institute in 1867. She had no clue what to do next. Her passion, music, was not a proper career according to her family. She tried her luck as a governess, but did not do well. Eventually she got a place as a teacher in Hamina. Later on she studied piano in Dresden for two years with the help of scholarships and mecenatas. After this she worked as a piano teacher for a short time before marrying her second cousin, John Bergbom, who was one year older than her. He owned Hertonäs and Helene became the lady of the manor. 

Translation: EAW 
 

Sources: 
Backman, Sigbritt: Hertonäs gård, från säterier till museum, Helsingfors 2016. 
Bergbom, Helene: Minnen, Familjeupplaga, 1975.  
Morand-Löfving, Elisabeth: Kejserlig uppfostran, finländska flickors skolgång vid Smolna-institutet i S:t Petersburg, Helsingfors 2017.


 
Daniela Fougstedt