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Blogginlägg

Välkommet med extra händer på ett litet museum - praon och lokalhistoriska praktikanter år 2021

Hertonäs gårds museum är litet och har endast en deltidsanställd intendent, en deltidsanställd disponent och freelanceguider till sin tjänst. Tack vare nätverk och stipendier har vi i år fått små tillskott bland annat för att sköta om och digitera samlingarna. Läs mer nedan!Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
19.06.2021 kl. 16:41

Kiitos ylimääräisestä avusta pienelle museolle - tet- ja paikallishistoriallisia harjoittelijoita vuonna 2021

Herttoniemen kartanon museo on pieni ja sitä pyörittää lähinnä osa-aikainen intendentti, osa-aikainen isännöitsijä sekä muutama freelance museo-opas. Verkostojen ja apurahojen takia olemme tänä vuonna saaneet lisäapua muun muassa hoitamaan kokoelmia sekä avustamaan kokoelmien digitoinnissa. Lue lisää alla! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
19.06.2021 kl. 16:39

Many Thanks for Extra Hands on a Small Museum - Trainees in 2021

Hertonäs Manor Museum is a small museum with only one curator working a few hours a week and a caretaker that also works part time. Thanks to our networks and scholarships we have had small contributions to our workforce this year, among other things to digitalize our collections. Read more below!Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
19.06.2021 kl. 16:32

“Kesä ja pelit” -näyttelyn rakentaminen vuonna 2021

21. tammikuuta 2021 alkoi Helsingin yliopiston järjestämä Museoprojekti-kurssi, jonka tarkoituksena oli perehdyttää opiskelijoita työelämään ja kulttuurityöhön antamalla opiskelijoiden itse tuottaa historiallista teemaa kantava näyttely Herttoniemen kartanon museoon. Kurssin opettajina toimivat yliopistolehtori Derek Fewster ja Herttoniemen kartanon museon intendentti Eva Ahl-Waris. Kurssiin osallistui kahdeksan opiskelijaa historian kandidaattiohjelmasta sekä yksi opiskelija kulttuurin ja kommunikaation maisteriohjelmasta. Seuraavan neljän kuukauden ajan opiskelijat tuottivat 1800-luvun lapsuutta esittelevän näyttelyn “Kesä ja pelit”. Näyttely koostuu fyysisistä leluista ja bookcreator.com -alustalla toteutetusta digitaalisesta näyttelystä . Kesä ja pelit -näyttelyn fyysinen osa on auki yleisölle joka sunnuntai klo 12–14 syyskuun loppuun asti. Lue lisää alla!Läs mera »
Wilhelm Breitenstein
30.05.2021 kl. 08:21

Bygget av utställningen “Sommar och spel” år 2021

Den 21 januari 2021 startade Helsingfors universitet kurs i yrkesliv och kulturjobb ”Museiprojekt- kursen”, som skulle ge studeranden en inblick i arbetet i att skapa en utställning med historiskt tema. I denna kurs skulle studeranden nämligen producera en egen utställning på Hertonäs gårds museum. Kursen leddes av universitetslektor Derek Fewster och Hertonäs gårds museiintendent Eva Ahl-Waris. Deltagarna var åtta studeranden från kandidatprogrammet i historia och en från magisterprogrammet kultur och kommunikation. Under ca fyra månader producerade studerandena utställningen ”Sommar och spel” som handlar om barndom på 1800-talet och består av en fysisk utställning av leksaker och en virtuell utställning på bookcreator.com. Utställningen Sommar och spel är tillgänglig för publik varje söndag från maj till september klockan 12–14. Läs mer nedan!Läs mera »
Wilhelm Breitenstein
30.05.2021 kl. 08:21

Creating the Exhibition “Summer and Games” 2021

The 21st of January 2021 a course on professional work in the cultural sector was started at the University of Helsinki. The idea was to give students a taste of how much work goes into building an exhibition with a historical theme - the students worked on an exhibition of their own at the Herttoniemi manor museum to achieve this goal. The course was led by university lecturer Derek Fewster and the curator of Herttoniemi manor museum, Eva Ahl-Waris, and eight bachelor’s degree students from the historical programme as well as one master’s degree student from the programme of Culture and Communications took part in the course. Over the course of four months they produced “Summer and Games”, an exhibition about 19th century childhood which consists of a physical toy exhibition as well as a virtual one, hosted on the platform bookcreator.com. The physical part of the exhibition is available to the public every Sunday from May until September at 12-14 o’clock. Continue reading below to find out more!Läs mera »
Wilhelm Breitenstein
30.05.2021 kl. 08:21

Topelius & Tarinalyhty (Storylantern) - Classical Tales in a New Setting

#Tarinalyhty (Storylantern) produced a public artwork and mobile game in the park of Hertonäs Manor Museum in 2019-20. This year we continued the co-operation and produced a storytelling project presenting famous stories written by Zachris Topelius. In April and May we worked with students in drama at Snellman-korkeakoulu that created tours in Swedish and Finnish in the park for pupils from the local schools. Read more below!Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
13.05.2021 kl. 08:55

Topelius & Tarinalyhty (Sagolyktan) - klassiska sagor i ny inramning

#Tarinalyhty (Sagolyktan) producerade ett publikt konstverk med ett mobilt spel i Hertonäs gårds museums park år 2019-20. I år var det dags att återuppta samarbetet, vilket utmynnade i ett sagoteringsprojekt med topelianskt tema. I april-maj samarbetade vi med Snellman-högskolans dramalinje och höll turer i parken för lokala skolelever på finska och svenska. Läs mer nedan!Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
13.05.2021 kl. 08:55

Topelius & Tarinalyhty - klassiset sadut uusin kuosin

#Tarinalyhty tuotti Herttoniemen kartanon museon puistoon yleisöteoksen ja mobiilipelin producerade v. 2019-20. Tänä vuonna halusimme jatkaa yhteistyötä ja tuotettiin satuprojekti Topelius-teemalla. Huhti-toukokuussa teimme yhteistyötä Snellman-korkeakoulun draamalinjan kanssa, ja kierroksia vedettiin puistossa suomeksi ja ruotsiksi paikallisille koululaisille. Lue lisää alla! Läs mera »
Eva Ahl-Waris
13.05.2021 kl. 08:55

Statyn Alexander II i Helsingfors

Efter Borgå lantdag år 1809 hade ständerna i Finland inte sammankallats på 54 år. Kejsare och Självhärskare Alexander II över hela Ryssland var även Storfurste av Finland. Han sammankallade ständerna i Finland till en lantdag i Helsingfors år 1863. Kejsaren öppnade själv högtidligt lantdagen med ett tal den 18 september 1863. Talet och året 1863 har avbildats på statyn Alexander II på Senatstorget. På lantdagen beslöts att de finländska lagarna och förordningarna från och med nu skulle bestämmas i Finland. Lantdagen började även sammanträda regelbundet. Kejsaren behöll dock rätten att själv ändra på grundlagen vid behov. Geheimerådet Gabriel Anton Cronstedt och dennes bror senatorn i ekonomiedepartementet Carl Olof Cronstedt var med på lantdagen. Ytterligare information om denna tid finns på Hertonäs gård. Läs mer nedan!Läs mera »
Ralf Palmgren
29.04.2021 kl. 08:23

A Monument in Helsinki Commemorating Alexander II

29.04.2021 kl. 08:46
After the assembly of the land in Porvoo in 1809 the estates of Finland had not been called for to meet in 54 years. The Supreme Emperor Alexander II of Russia was also Grand Duke of Finland. He summoned the estates to a new assembly in Helsinki in 1863. The emperor himself opened the meeting solemnly with a speech 18th September 1863. The speech and the year 1863 are visible on the monument commemorating Alexander II in the Senate Square. At the assembly, the Finnish estates decided that new laws and decrees should be legislated in Finland. The land assembly began to meet regularly. The emperor kept the right of veto for himself regarding the Finnish constitution. Privy councillor Gabriel Anton Cronstedt and his brother, the senator of the economic department Carl Olof Cronstedt, attended the land assembly. More information about this period can be found at Hertonäs manor. Read more below!

The Finns were favorably disposed towards the emperor for many reasons. Mainly two political groups existed in Finland: the Fennomans and the Liberals. The emperor’s aim was to reduce the Finnish contacts with Sweden and to bind the country closer to Russia. The Finnish railroad was begun in the late 1850s. The Fennoman Johan Vilhelm Snellman was professor in philosophy at the Imperial Alexander University in Helsinki and deputy assistant. The official status of the Finnish language and culture were promoted on his initiative. The emperor signed the proposition in 1863 and thus the Finnish language received official status in Finland. Industrialization began in the 1860s, and the railroad tied Helsinki and St. Petersburg together in 1870. At the same time Finland experienced economic growth. Finland got a currency of its own, the markka and penni that remained until 2002. 


The liberal emperor Alexander II opened the assembly of the land in Helsinki in 1863. Major political changes could thus be made, resulting in the development of Finnish society and the Finnish culture. Photo: National Board of Antiquities (finna.fi).

The emperor’s political efforts were a success. He made liberal, enlightened reforms, freeing 23 million people from serfdom in Russia in 1861, and reforming the Russian legal system. A revolt still broke out in Poland. Count Fredrik Wilhelm Rembert Berg rushed there and assumed military control. During this reign Russian territory was enlarged in Asia. Russia made great victories in the war against the Ottoman empire in 1877 and 1878. Despite these advances, political terror in Russia grew. A Polish terrorist assassinated the emperor in broad daylight. The Church of the Resurrection stands on this spot today in St. Petersburg. The emperor was wounded and brought to the Winter Palace where he died on 1st March 1881 according to the Julian calendar. According to the Gregorian calendar the attack was made 13th March 1881. 

 
Privy councillor Gabriel Anton Cronstedt (up) and senator Carl Olof Cronstedt (below) attended the assembly of the land called in 1863 by Emperor Alexander II. The Cronstedt brothers had grown up in Hertonäs manor in the early 19th century and they made significant careers in the Grand Duchy of Finland and in imperial Russia. Photos: National Board of Antiquities.

Both in Finland and in Russia the murder of the liberal emperor that had made important reforms caused great grief.  The Finns erected a monument in memory of the emperor on the most noble spot in Finland: in the center of the Senate Square in Helsinki. The statue was designed by the artists Johannes Takanen and Walter Runeberg and was ready in 1894. 


Alexander II’s monument was unveiled on the emperor’s birthday 29th April 1894. The competition for planning the monument was won by the artist  Johannes Takanen. It was decided that both Takanen and Walter Runeberg, who came in second place in the competition, should design the monument together. Takanen passed away in the middle of the process and thus the task to finish the statue was solely Runeberg’s. The design was based on the original plan that had won, and Runeberg added the statues around the emperor and the pedestal itself. Photo: Helsinki City Museum (finna.fi). 


Ticket for the unveiling of the Alexander II’s monument at the Senate Square in 1894. A patriotic unveiling ceremony was held during a meeting of the assembly of the land. Photo: Helsinki University Museum. 

This photo from 13th March 1899 depicts the monument covered in flowers. The flowers were placed here during a memorial commemorating the day of the murder 18 years earlier. The flowers were a Finnish homage to the liberal emperor. Eventually vast changes leading towards an independent democratic system were made by the Finnish society in the beginning of the 20th century. 


Photo from 1899 that depicts the commemoration of the emperor Alexander II in Helsinki. Photo: SOV.


Bronze medal created in memory of the unveiling of the monument to Alexander II in 1894. Photo: Helsinki City Museum (finna.fi).

After the October Revolution in Russia in 1917 many statues of the emperor were removed, but the statues in Sofia in Bulgaria, and in Helsinki remain intact today. The statute was left in its place even after Finland declared independence from Russia on the 6th December 1917 due to the fact that Alexander II still represented a fair and liberal period of regency for the Finns. The photo is on display at the museum in Hertonäs manor in Eastern Helsinki.

Sources:
Backman, Sigbritt, Hertonäs gård - från säterier till museum, SOV, Helsingfors 2016.
Engman, Max, Språkfrågan: Finlandssvenskhetens uppkomst 1812–1922, Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland, Bokförlaget Atlantis, Helsingfors och Stockholm 2016.
Klinge, Matti, Finlands historia 3, Schildts, Helsingfors 1996.
Meinander, Henrik, Finlands historia: Linjer – Strukturer – Vändpunkter, rev. upplaga. Schildts & Söderströms, Helsingfors 2014.
Radzinskij, Edvard, Alexander II. Den siste store tsaren, övers. Staffan Skott, Norstedts, Stockholm 2008.
Thylin-Klaus, Jennica, Särdrag, stavning, självbild: En idéhistorisk studie av svensk språkplanering i Finland 1860–1920, Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland, Helsingfors 2015.

Translation: EAW 2021.
Ralf Palmgren